for each loop in Java | enhanced for loop Tutorial

In this section, we will learn what the for each loop is and how to use it in Java.

What is for-each loop in Java?

When we have a list of elements (like an array) or basically an iterable object and want to run a block of code for each element of that list, we can use the `for-each` loop.

Java for-each Loop Syntax

Here’s the structure of the `for each loop`:

for (type variableName : iterableList) {
  // code block to be executed

`for` keyword: to create a `for each` loop, we start with the keyword `for`.

`()`: inside the parentheses that comes after the keyword `for` we set the name of the list (that contains the elements) and a variable of the same type that will receive each value of the list and this variable and its value can be used in the body of the `for` loop.

`iterableList`: this is the list that contains the elements.

`varaibleName`: This is the variable that each element of the list will be stored in it.

`:`: we use colon `:` to separate `iterableList` from `variableName`.

`{}`: the pair of braces that comes after the parentheses declares the body of the loop.

Example: using for-each loop to iterate an array

public class Simple {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int iArray[]= {1,2,3,4,5,56,6,7,23,423,42,34,23,423,42,3};
        for(int i: iArray){
            System.out.print(i+", ");
Output: 1,2,3,4,5,56,6,7,23,423,42,34,23,423,42,3

How does for-each loop work?

Here, we used an array variable that is named `iArray`. In the array section you’ll learn more about this type of variables but in short, it’s a type of variable that allows developers to store multiple values instead of only one.

So here, via the `for-each` loop, we looped through the elements of this list and sent its values to the output stream (console in this case).

Example: using nested for-each loop in Java

class Main{
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int [][] multi = {
		for (int []array : multi){
			for (int b: array){

for loop Vs for-each loop

The main difference between the `for loop` and the `for-each` loop is that the for loop is design in a way so that we can easily loop through a specific number of an iterable object (like an array) while the for-each loop is designed in order to easily loop through the entire elements of an iterable object and not just a specific number of its element (although possible but this was not in its design purpose).


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